The poorest region in Tanzania, Singida is located below the equator in the center of the country and has a population in excess of 1.09 million people. Singida district is one of four districts in the region with the town of Singida being located in the Singida Urban district. There are 346 villages in the region and 10 indigenous tribes. Experiencing significant drought in one out of four years, the rainfall the Singida region does receive is little and falls over a period of less than four months. The dry season lasts from May through November. The majority of the land in the region is either used for farming or grazing. The majority of the farming is considered self-sustaining farming. At the beginning of the 21st century there was considerable concern over the deteriorating social and economic services. Through organizations like African SMILE some of these concerns are being met, one village at a time.